Interesting Details About Centipedes

Filed under: Centipedes Features - 06 Nov 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes belong to class of myriapods. “Centipede” means “100 legs”, but it’s a misleading term because these creatures have from 15 to 191 pairs of legs. Centipedes have flat and segmented bodies, with several pairs for all but one segment. Adults are brown and measure over one inch in length.


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Appearance

Related to their appearance, they have a pair of sensitive and long antennae, small mouths, but big claw-like structures containing a venom gland. Usually, most of them are carnivorous creatures that dig for food at night and use their claws to paralyze their victims, which are small vertebrates, spiders and worms.

Habitat

Their habitat is moist, dark and secluded area. Some of them are born complete and some of them place eggs in damped soil during spring or summer. As they turn adults, extra more segments and a complete set of legs grow. When they enter houses, they hide around closets and basements.


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Their prey is detected by their antennae and the prey is immobilized by venom injected from their maxilliped fang. The majority of these creatures is carnivorous, but they can also eat plants if they are unable to locate other sources of food.

Other Details

These creatures are nocturnal, fast and thus, they’re rarely seen by humans. An interesting thing about these animals is their eyes. Some centipedes feature compound eyes that contain even 200 optical units, while others don’t even have eyes.


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Additionally, they’re venomous, but their venom isn’t fatal to humans. Nonetheless, some people may be allergic to it and develop complications. As these creatures feed on insects, people can eliminate them from their houses and other buildings by eliminating their food sources. Sometimes, they may bite, which may cause severe pain, numbness, inflammation and discoloration. Those who want to avoid centipedes in their houses, should keep wood, compost, leaves and other organic material away from the sides of the home or building.

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Facts About Centipedes

Filed under: Uncategorized - 14 Aug 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes are not insects, but they actually belong to the class of myriapods. Centipedes have one pair of legs per body segment. Nowadays, centipedes are known to be found on each corner of the world. They can be found both indoors and outdoors. This is quite a fascinating species with an evolution on more than 400 million years.


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Here are some interesting facts about centipedes.

  • Centipedes are fast moving animals.
  • They are nocturnal and really agile. 
  • All centipedes have poor eyesight, so they will track the prey with the use of touch.
  • Their name means “100 legs”.
  • Centipedes can have between 15 and 191 pairs of legs. They always have an odd number of pairs of legs, which is never 16.
  • Adult centipedes are brown and they usually measure over 1 inch in length.
  • Centipedes are not insects, even though most people mistaken them. They are not classified as insects because they have more than six legs.
  • Centipedes can live in all kind of locations. Most species live in forests, deserts, gardens and grasslands. 
  • There are more than 3000 types of centipedes throughout the world. 
  • Centipedes move with 20 inches per second. 
  • The centipede has a number of predators in its natural enviroment. Birds, mice and frogs are the most common ones. 


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Appearance

Centipedes have a pair of long and really sensitive antennae. Their mouths are small, but centipedes have a venom gland. The species uses venom to catch their prey. Most centipedes are carnivores and they search for food at night. Their sizes can range between a few millimeters up to 30 cm.

Habit

Centipedes prefer dark, moist areas in which they hide during the winter. The species can set homes in soil during the summer. Most centipedes live up to 6 years. Their development until becoming adults take between 2 and 3 years.

Diet

Centipedes detect the presence of prey with the use of their antennae. When caught, the prey is immobilized by venom. Centipedes commonly eat insects, spiders, worms, but also other arthropods. They can also feed with plants.


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When entering homes, centipedes will tend to hide around bathrooms or closets. However, the species is rarely seen by humans due to the high speed with which they can move and the fact that they are nocturnal animals, hiding during the day. The venom of centipedes is not fatal to human, but some people may be allergic to it. The bite can be really painful, this is why it would be better to avoid the encounter with this animal. In case swelling, redness, pain, vomiting, nausea or burning sensations are experienced, you may be allergic to the venom. Seek medical care as soon as possible.

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Centipedes as Pests and Arthropods

Filed under: Uncategorized - 30 Jul 2012  | Spread the word !

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Description of Centipedes

Centipedes can be easily distinguished from their cousins, the millipedes, by counting the numbers of pairs of legs arising from the body segments. Of course, no one will do the leg counting of centipedes, but they do have features that differentiate them from millipedes. Centipedes are generally flattened and have a pair of well developed antennae on the head. Some centipedes, such as the house centipede have long legs, as seen in the picture below, and are capable of running rapidly. 


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Life Cycle

Centipedes resort to simple metamorphosis. Centipedes and millipedes spend the winter as adults in protected habitats and become active in the spring. In summertime, female centipedes lay eggs in soil and cover them with a sticky substance. Nevertheless, there are certain species that give birth to living young. Centipedes are known to live up to 6 years.

Habitat, Food, Damage

This type of insects like to live in moist habitats, and underneath rocks, locks and other objects in contact with the ground. They sleep during the day and are very active during the night. The centipede feeds on insects and spiders. They kill by grasping the prey with their fangs and injecting it with venom. Occasionally, they feed on seeding plants, especially leaves, stems and roots. Some centipedes are also carnivorous. These impressive arthropods are found in the Amazon jungle, on the island of Trinidad and Jamaica. One of the biggest species of centipede is so powerful that is can kill and devour a bat, as shown in the picture below.


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Pests Around the House


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Often, they can be found in houses. Moisture in a building’s foundation can be a problem and lead to an infestation, as can water accumulated from the roof. People should keep leaves, wood, compost and other organic material away from the sides of the home or building. If they are provoked, they bite. Usually, the bite is not medically threatening except to small children and individuals allergic to venoms. The larger species have more painful bites.

Normal centipedes do not cause problems, and people need not fear them. They may seem scary, but in a way there are very useful, since they can kill other harmful insects that destroy gardens or plants.

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The Centipedes Are Amazing Animals

Filed under: Uncategorized - 15 Jun 2012  | Spread the word !

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Though centipedes inhabit almost every corner of the Earth, most people do not know much about the hundred leggers. The house centipede sometimes startles people by showing up in bathtubs or sinks, but this is only one of an estimated 8000 species in the Class Chilopoda. Here are some interesting facts about the centipede you might not know. The centipede is the only arthropod known to have poison claws for subduing the prey. The legs of the centipede’s first segment are not for walking. Instead, they are modified to form venomous fangs, which they use to inject paralysing venom into prey. These special appendages are known as forcipules, and are unique to the centipede. Though their common name means one hundred legs, the centipede can have significantly less or more than 100 legs. Depending on the species, a centipede can have as few as 15 pairs of legs, or as many as 171 pairs. Regardless of the species, the centipede always has an odd number of leg pairs, so they never have exactly 100 legs.

You might think that the centipede is harmless, but it is actually categorised as a predator. Though some will occasionally scavenge a meal, the centipede is primarily a hunter. The smaller centipede will catch other invertebrates, including insects, molluscs, annelids and even other centipedes. The larger species, which inhabit the tropics, can consume frogs or even small birds. The centipede will usually wrap itself around the prey and wait for the venom to take effect before consuming the meal.

You would not probably expect a centipede to be a good mother, but a surprising number of them dote on their offspring. The female soil centipede and topical centipede lay an egg mass in underground an burrow. The mother wraps her body around the eggs and remains with them until they hatch, protecting them from harm. Most of the centipede species are built for speed. With the exception of the slow moving soil centipede, which are built to burrow, Chilopods can run fast. The body of centipede’s body is suspended between in a cradle of long legs. When those legs start moving, this gives the centipede more manoeuvrability over and around obstacles, as it flees predators or chases prey. The tergites, the dorsal surface of the body segments, may also be modified to keep the body from swaying while in motion.

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Methods To Get Rid Of Centipedes In And Around House

Filed under: Centipedes Features - 19 May 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes are interesting animals, but scientists have not managed to find all about them. They are arthropods and belong to the class Chilopoda. These metameric animals have one pair of legs per their body segment and the overall number of their legs varies from 20 to over 300. Other feature consists of a pair of venom claws and their body is red or brown or features different shades of these colors. These creatures can also be found in houses, mainly on the bedroom and bathroom walls, or in the bathtub, lavatory, as well as sink. They can also be found in closets, excavated areas, as well as under the house or beneath the bark of the firewood. These animals feed on spiders, small insects as well as insect larvae, but home owners hate them and want to get rid of them as soon as possible. People think they bite, but usually they are harmless. The best way to get rid of them is to clean and dry the areas where they may live. In addition, people have to also get rid of the food which can also attract these creatures.

Insecticides are the most common solution that people use, mainly in the hiding corners and places, in the dark basements, openings in concrete slabs, under shelves, beneath or near stored boxes, as well as baseboard cracks and crevices. There are insecticides for indoor and outdoor use, so homeowners have to choose the right type and to use the right amount.

Other common names for centipedes are hundred-leggers and rainworms. In the world are estimated approximately 8,000 subspecies, five orders and 23 families. The larger species of centipedes can bite on humans, but this happens rarely. Nonetheless, the bite can be painful in the case of an adult and dangerous for a child. Centipedes  are one of the largest terrestrial intervertebrate predators and are very important for the ecosystems. People are afraid of them and consider them very disgusting, so they do all they can to get rid of them. Scientists have not found all yet about all the species and orders, so these creatures are still mysterious for us. The bite of the large animals can also cause anaphylactic shock, so it’s very important to pay attention.

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Centipedes And The Hazards To Humans

Filed under: Uncategorized - 19 Apr 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes are metameric animals that have one pair of legs for each body segment. Centipedes can have under 20 legs or more than 300, depending on the species. Another interesting thing about centipedes is that they always have an odd number of pairs of legs, for example, you will never see some with 20 pairs of legs, they will either have 19 or 21. The scientific classification of centipedes includes the Chilopoda class, the Myriapoda subphylum, the Arthropoda phylum and the Animalia kingdom. The aspect of these tiny animals is usually influenced by different shades of red or brown. The size of centipedes can differ from a few millimeters to more than 12 inch. The 8,000 species can be found in a large variety of environments. The centipedes are very important and have a significant positive contribution in the life cycles that take place in the terrestrial ecosystems.

The centipedes may be hazardous to humans because of their bite. Their bite is an injury created by piercing the skin and injecting their venom in the wound. It is not a real bite, but it was always named this way and it remained like this. Because of the venom, the area that was bitten is painful. Swelling may also occur. Of course, the bite caused by centipedes also has other symptoms like severe pain – related to the size of the centipede, redness, headaches, palpitations, vomiting, nausea, anxiety, severe itching and burning sensations in the area.

The bite of centipedes are usually not dangerous for humans, but if the person that was bitten is allergic, it might be a problem. In children, the bite of centipedes may also be serious, but regularly there is not such a big problem. Those who suffer centipedes bites usually do a urine test and an EKG, to make sure they do not have heart problems. For pain relief, the victims of centipedes receive painkillers and anti-anxiety medication. In some cases, antibiotics are used to make sure the wounds do not get infected. Anyhow, in case of such a bite, the best thing to do is to go directly to the emergency room to make sure there is nothing serious.

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Centipedes Characteristics

Filed under: Uncategorized - 27 Mar 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes represent a group of arthropods, divided in many groups and species, but they have in common many features. Nonetheless, there are features that make them different. The name “centipedes” comes from Latin. centipedes are metameric animals, having one pair of legs per body segment. They can have between 20-300 legs and may also have pairs of venom claws.

Usually, centipedes are red and brown, as well as many hues of these colors, but there are cavernicolous and subterranean species which have bright colors. The size of centipedes is also very various, from a few millimeters to approximately 12 inch. Nowadays, are estimated to be 8,000 species of centipedes in the world, but scientists try to discover things about these creatures and new species. Centipedes can be found even beyond the Arctic Circles, as well as in deserts, tropical forests, so they occupy large areas and adapt to many types of climate. Plus, centipedes live in leaf litter, in soil, under or in dead wood, as well as under stones and in logs. They have an important contribution in the terrestrial ecosystems.

The main features of these creatures consists of a pair of antennae, a flattened head, elongated mandibles and two pairs of maxillae. Centipedes also have ocelli that sometimes can form compound eyes. This makes them have not a great vision, but they can discern light from dark.

Centipedes rely also on vibrations and sensory cells. The body is formed from several segments and almost all segments have a pair of legs, while the final two segments are smaller and legless. With their antennae, centipedes look for their prey. The digestive system of these creatures is as a tube, with digestive glands. Generally, centipedes are nocturnal, but studies have shown that there are also a few species active during the day. These animals are the prey of many birds, salamandres, mice, mongooses, beetles and snakes. The bite of centipedes can harm people and it can be very painful, producing also swelling.

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Centipedes Species And Types

Filed under: Uncategorized - 15 Feb 2012  | Spread the word !

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The centipedes are a group of arthropods, which can be divided in several classes and orders. These species and types of the centipedes revolve on the same major characteristics, but have some aspects that make them different from one another. Although not many people are interested in these creatures, the centipedes have always been subjected to scientific research. Even if they are extremely small and seem to lack a purpose that would make them interesting for individuals, in recent years, studies of Ecology have focused on the impact and importance of the little creatures from the centipedes in the natural habitats and ecosystems.

There are several families or species of centipedes which people interested in the small creatures should be aware of. The first family of centipedes is the Scutigeromorpha. The main features of these revolve on the fact that they have 15 body segments which can develop legs and that they have a very fast movement speed. They also are the single species of the kind that has maintained the compound eyes feature from the original developing gene. Another species is the Lithobiomorpha. These particular ones are sometimes found not to have eyes at all, they have shorter legs and smaller antennae. The Craterostigmomorpha are a very small species, with only few exemplars still to be found in Tasmania and New Zealand. The Scolopendromorpha species of centipedes is different than the others, mostly due to the fact that it has 21 or more body segments and the same number of attached paired legs. Their eyes have four facets and the antennae have another 17 segments. The last species is that of the Geophilomorpha. This is in fact, the largest one of them all, as it can grow up to 27 segments that can develop legs. In addition to this, they are completely eyeless and thus, blind.

The centipedes have numerous variations in terms of species and family groups. They have developed different traits, but are still grouped together by some similarities, such as the paired legs, the segmented antennae, the segmented bodies and so on.

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The Life Cycle Of Centipedes

Filed under: Uncategorized - 23 Jan 2012  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes are arthropods from the Animalia Kingdom, Myriapoda Subphylum and Chilopoda Class. Centipedes have a pair of legs for every body segment and the number of pairs is usually odd. The coloration of centipedes is mostly with brown or red, but some lack pigmentation. Size ranges from a few millimeters to the largest centipedes who reach 30 centimeters. In the world live about 8000 species of centipedes and they can be found in all type of habitats. Most are found in soil and leaf litter, inside logs, wood and under stones. Centipedes are extremely important for the ecosystem.

The reproduction of centipedes does not involve copulation. Males are depositing a spermatophore, containing spermatozoa for the females to take up. The spermatophore is deposited in a web and the male must court the female to convince it to swallow it. Other times, males just leave the spermatophore in such a manner so the females can easily find it. Some centipedes lay eggs in spring and some in summer, depending on the climate. Some centipedes species, like Lithobiomorpha and Scutigeromorpha lay their eggs in the soil, fill the holes and leave them there. They lay from 10 to 50 eggs. The development of the embryo depends on the species, but it usually takes between one and 6 months. Some centipedes may be reproductive earlier in their life, some later. A species named S. coleoptera enters adulthood after 3 years. In comparison with insects, centipedes live far more time – some even reach 5 or 6 years.

The Geophilomorpha and Scolopendromorpha species show more parental care than others. After the eggs are laid -  between 15 and 60, the females guard them and lick them to keep fungi away. In some species, the females even stay with the younger centipedes until they reach early adulthood and they are ready to leave the nest. If the females centipedes are disturbed, they will either eat or abandon their eggs. Abandoned eggs are usually prey of fungi. In some species of Scolopendramorpha, the offsprings are eating their mothers, these type of actions making the species to be named matriphagic.

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Things To Know About Centipedes

Filed under: Uncategorized - 30 Nov 2011  | Spread the word !

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Centipedes are really impressive animals. Not only that they are the most sensitive animals to touch, but centipedes also are the animals most rarely seen by humans, due to their lifestyle, which mostly is nocturnal. A very impressive fact about centipedes is that they have the ability to move really fast, so there is no wonder that the encounter with humans is not very common. Still, centipedes are described as some of the most agile nocturnal animals.

There are numerous species of centipedes known today and their characteristics are going to vary from one specie to another. So, while some have 200 optical units eyes, others have no eyes at all, being perfectly blind. In such cases, centipedes will only be able to feel and catch their prey with the use of touch. On the other hand, there are species of centipedes which have 173 pairs of legs, but commonly they are only going to have 15 to 30 pairs. Centipedes are considered to be among the arthropods with the longest lifespan, as they can can live up to six years. A very important and interesting fact about centipedes is linked to the way they hunt. Since they are venomous, centipedes are able to defend themselves from all type of predators. Anyway, you should not worry as centipedes venom is not fatal, at least to humans, but avoiding the contact with them will be a great idea, as many people are allergic to them and is cases like that serious reactions to the venom can be experienced.

Nowadays, there are 8000 species of centipedes known to exist all over the world. Numerous species can be found in the United States, while a very curious thing about them is that they can have a size between a few millimeters and up to 30 cm long. First centipedes have been found more than 400 million years ago. For many years centipedes have been used, in some cultures, in the treatments of diseases such as malaria. When the individuals of this species lose a leg, it can grow another one, to replace the lost.

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