Centipedes belong to class of myriapods. “Centipede” means “100 legs”, but it’s a misleading term because these creatures have from 15 to 191 pairs of legs. Centipedes have flat and segmented bodies, with several pairs for all but one segment. Adults are brown and measure over one inch in length.
Related to their appearance, they have a pair of sensitive and long antennae, small mouths, but big claw-like structures containing a venom gland. Usually, most of them are carnivorous creatures that dig for food at night and use their claws to paralyze their victims, which are small vertebrates, spiders and worms.
Their habitat is moist, dark and secluded area. Some of them are born complete and some of them place eggs in damped soil during spring or summer. As they turn adults, extra more segments and a complete set of legs grow. When they enter houses, they hide around closets and basements.
Their prey is detected by their antennae and the prey is immobilized by venom injected from their maxilliped fang. The majority of these creatures is carnivorous, but they can also eat plants if they are unable to locate other sources of food.
These creatures are nocturnal, fast and thus, they’re rarely seen by humans. An interesting thing about these animals is their eyes. Some centipedes feature compound eyes that contain even 200 optical units, while others don’t even have eyes.
Additionally, they’re venomous, but their venom isn’t fatal to humans. Nonetheless, some people may be allergic to it and develop complications. As these creatures feed on insects, people can eliminate them from their houses and other buildings by eliminating their food sources. Sometimes, they may bite, which may cause severe pain, numbness, inflammation and discoloration. Those who want to avoid centipedes in their houses, should keep wood, compost, leaves and other organic material away from the sides of the home or building.